The CMS Trigger

The CMS Trigger Group of the Institute des Instituts is involved in the Level-1 Trigger system of the CMS experiment at CERN. At the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) proton bunches collide 40 million times per second, producing about 600 million collisions (event). The trigger system selects only those collisions from the huge amount produced that are interesting for the study of expected and unexpected new physical phenomena at high energies.

The Level-1 Trigger, a specially developed electronics system analyses on-line each collision, every 25 nanoseconds, and decides if it should be discarded or accepted for further analysis. The so-called High Level Trigger consists of fast analysis programs running on a computer farm. The Level-1 Trigger reduces the 600 million collisions to at most 100.000 per second, the High Level Trigger reduces this rate further to a few hundred events per second, which are stored for later analysis. 

Without the trigger electronics developed by our group no single collision could be centrally recorded in CMS!


The Global Trigger Upgrade:

The Trigger Group currently works on the upgrade (Phase I Upgrade) and commissioning of the following systems:

  • The Barrel Track Finder reconstructs muon tracks in the central region of CMS.
  • The Global Muon Trigger compares results from all muon detectors, eliminates duplicate muons and compensates for differences of the measurements of geometrical origin.
  • The Global Trigger takes the decision to accept or reject an event.

In the framework of the Phase I Upgrade we are responsible for the construction of the Barrel Track Finder, the Global Muon Trigger and the Global Trigger. In addition, we develop software for all components. The University of Ioannina, the Autonomous University Madrid and INFN Bologna collaborate on the Barrel Track Finder. The Global Muon Trigger is supported by CERN. 


Completed Projects:

Previously the group developed and constructed or implemented the following hardware and software systems ("legacy trigger system")

The Global Trigger, the Global Muon Trigger and the central Trigger Control System of the "legacy system" were completeley designed and built by our group, in collaboration with the Department of Electronics. The major parts of the Drift Tube Track Finder were also developed and constructed by our group. The Autonomous University Madrid and INFN Bologna contributed as well. The Trigger Supervisor was proposed by our group and its base version was fully developed by us. Further developments werde made mainly in collaboration with CERN.

Selected Publications

Design and performance of the phase I upgrade of the CMS Global Trigger

J. Wittmann , G. Aradi, B. Arnold, H. Bergauer , M. Jeitler , T. Matsushita and C.-E. Wulz for the CMS Collaboration
Journal of Instrumentation (Volume 12, January 2017, C01046) ,  20-01-17  

The upgrade of the CMS Global Trigger

J. Wittmann, B. Arnold, H. Bergauer, M. Jeitler, T. Matsushita, D. Rabady, B. Rahbaran and C.-E. Wulz
Journal of Instrumentation (Volume 11, 2016, C02029) ,  10-02-16  

Global Trigger Upgrade firmware architecture for the level-1 Trigger of the CMS experiment

B. Rahbaran, B. Arnold, H. Bergauer, J. Wittmann, T. Matsushita
JINST 10 (2015) no.02, C02042 ,  24-02-15  

The CMS Global Muon Trigger upgrade

Manfred Jeitler, Babak Rahbaran, Dinyar Rabady

MicroTCA-based Global Trigger Upgrade project for the CMS experiment at LHC

Herbert Bergauer, Bernhard Arnold, Markus Eichberger, Babak Rahbaran, Dinyar Rabady
2011 JINST 6 C12054 ,  01-12-11